The Oil & Gas Industry for Beginners

The Oil & Gas Industry for Beginners

The oil and gas industry is the largest in the world. It dominates many national economies, and nearly every government in the world keeps an eye on it to ensure that its people have energy. That means that anyone who wants to understand the world’s economy must study the basics of the oil and gas industry. Understanding the Importance of Oil and Gas The world consumes a massive amount of energy every day. People fuel to heat their homes, drive their cars, and power the industry that makes modern life possible. A huge amount of that energy comes from oil and natural gas, which also means that the industry generates a lot of revenue. Thousands of people earn a living from their work with oil and gas. Some nations rely on it as the foundation of their economy. The modern world simply wouldn’t exist without it. The Industry’s Three Parts The oil and gas industry is a broad grouping of many specialized businesses. Some of them extract raw materials, while others focus on refining them into useful products. Experts break those businesses up into three main groups. Some of them are upstream businesses. They form the first part of the production pipeline. Some workers focus on exploring the world to find new oil fields, while others work to extract oil and gas from the ground. Midstream organizations focus on storing and transporting raw oil and gas. They transport it from the point of extraction to a refinery, many of which are far away from the oil fields.¬† The downstream operations receive raw materials and turn them into useful products....
Sustainable Change Is Coming To Lundin Petroleum

Sustainable Change Is Coming To Lundin Petroleum

Sustainability is an increasingly important concept. It’s making waves in government, manufacturing, and now it’s come to the world of energy. Sweden’s Lundin Petroleum recently announced a potential name change. If shareholders approve the move in March, the company will be known as Lundin Energy going forward. They’ve also announced that they plan to be carbon neutral by the year 2030. This company has implemented measures designed to cut emissions, create carbon capture devices, and improve energy efficiency overall. This change is indicative of evolution throughout the energy industry. Companies like Lundin Petroleum made their fortunes thanks mostly to fossil fuels. However, as governments and populations become more aware of the role of carbon in climate change, there are plenty of incentives to evolve. For one thing, executives in the energy industry know that self-regulation may well prevent government interference. Secondly, they know that if carbon emissions are truly responsible for climate change, it behooves them to develop other, more carbon-neutral technologies. In addition to Lundin Petroleum, companies like Repsol, Shell, BP, and Total have announced plans to limit carbon emissions. In recent months, companies like BP have also announced new recycling initiatives. They’ve created a consortium with industrial giants like Unilever, Danone, and Alpla Group. BP Infinia is a new technology with great promise to recycle plastics that have been hard to process in prior years. In addition to handling plastic bottles and other containers, the goal is to find new ways to recycle fabrics like polyester. PET plastics are another form of petroleum product that the consortium is hoping to recycle. In focusing on closing the loop,...
What To Know About Oil & Gas So Far In 2020

What To Know About Oil & Gas So Far In 2020

As the new decade begins, the gas and oil industries are looking towards the future. Shifting economic, political, and environmental concerns are having a big impact on these fields. Knowing what to expect can help much better prepare for the upcoming months. Here are some of the biggest trends to look out for in 2020. Stabilized Prices Overall, pricing is looking very rewarding. The huge dip from 2014 seems to be in the past. The industry is beginning to recover, and there is no longer an expectation that it will decline. Though no huge spikes in pricing are expected, a slow yet positive increase is expected. Thanks to some new treaties and a lack of competition, companies are able to offer consumer-friendly rates while still making a solid profit. Natural gas is not having as favorable profits as oil lately, but it seems to be coming back slowly from the downturn. Increased Infrastructure There is a big focus on the infrastructure for the oil industry lately. Due to being in the public eye, companies are beginning to realize that their infrastructure greatly impacts people’s perception of them. The big trends seem to be underground pipelines and the production of larger processing and storage facilities. With all sorts of new technology being developed, companies are looking to install more advanced equipment in many areas. More Career Opportunities For those working in the oil and gas fields, the outlook is very promising. There have been a lot of business investments that are leading to new companies and more potential positions. Thanks to the economic boost, there are more opportunities for people...
Oil and Gas Trends to Look for in 2020

Oil and Gas Trends to Look for in 2020

With an average of over 15.3 million barrels of oil produced per day, the United States was the most dominant oil producer in 2018. The American oil industry was able to offer a supply that kept gas prices low for consumers. With new technologies constantly arising in the industry, America’s oil industry is expected to continue growing. Investors should be on the watch for these trends from the oil and gas industry in 2020. Backtracking to 2018 The American oil industry adapted well to the changes that occurred in 2018. After the downturn of the industry in 2014, American oil and gas companies continued to devise new plans and strategies to improve their services. There are several factors that play key roles in the 2018 growth of the American oil industry. Oil production from America’s competitors decreased while the demand for oil increased around the world. Additionally, a treaty between countries that belonged to OPEC and non-OPEC countries allowed America to dig deeper into its oil production. This Year, 2019 Deloitte, a member of the “Big Four” accounting organizations, expected that oil and gas companies would experience a full recovery during 2019. As a result, many investors began to place more money into companies in the oil and gas industry. Many oil and gas companies then responded by utilizing the additional funds to improve their operations. Looking Forward to 2020 There is a possibility for future disruption in the oil and gas industry. The gradually rising costs in external industries may affect the supply costs of oil and gas companies. However, based on the industry’s track record in 2018,...
How The Recent Saudi Oil Attack Can Affect Gas and Oil in the U.S.

How The Recent Saudi Oil Attack Can Affect Gas and Oil in the U.S.

Terrorist-controlled drones dropped explosives on several oil refineries in Saudi Arabia. This shut down oil production for some Saudi oil producers and disrupted oil supplies around the world. The damage will take months to repair, and oil production will be reduced for the foreseeable future. How Will This Affect Us? This has already translated into higher gasoline prices here at home. Some regions have seen a twenty to thirty cent rise in prices. While the Saudis struggle to repair the damage to their refineries, many fuel-related prices will remain higher than usual. Whenever oil prices rise, it directly affects transportation costs. This includes airfare, gasoline prices, and the cost of transporting goods throughout the world. Groceries, household items, and heating costs will probably rise to reflect the increase in transportation costs.  What Can I Do? It pays to tighten the belt, figuratively speaking. We can streamline our budgets to allow for higher gas prices. This may mean replacing some expenses with cheaper alternatives. We can rearrange other daily routines, as well. Travel plans may change for more local fare. Reserving airline tickets as early as possible will yield the highest savings on those. Buying local products will save on transportation expenses. Practice fuel-saving driving habits that save gas. These include observing slower speeds with a lighter foot on the brake pedal. Ridesharing can cut commuting costs in half. Turn down the heat by one or two degrees. Carry a sweater with you as the weather cools. Consider which items you can buy in bulk or on sale. Further Consideration Some Saudi oil production will be back online within two...
How Technology Is Changing The Gas And Oil Industry

How Technology Is Changing The Gas And Oil Industry

Technology is already infiltrating different industries and making a huge impact. Advances in technology that supports the industry are geared towards solving some of the biggest challenges in the oil and gas industry. From the need to enhance safety to preventing catastrophic disasters and unwanted effects, technology in the oil and gas industry has substantially revolutionized oil mining and distribution. Enhancing safety One cannot talk about the oil and gas industry without reviewing the safety issues that the industry faces. From the harsh reality of the loss of lives as a result of accidents to the inherent risk of making substantial losses in the valuable assets, the risk is all over. Various technological solutions have been developed, targeting enhancing the safety of oil and gas mining crew. Oil mining crew can, for instance, inspect the condition of oil wells at the click of a button and thereafter take the necessary corrective measure to enhance safety. Industry players also get a chance to guarantee the oil transmission process by inspecting pipes for leakages. Enhancing efficiency Oil mining and exploration technology also enable stakeholders in the entire industry to achieve high levels of precision when it comes to the mining process. Oil exploration companies, for instance, can use the latest equipment and technology to precisely map the quantity and feasibility of a given oil deposit. This increases the chances of return on investment since the mining companies can only invest after establishing sufficient feasibility. Data and communication The entire oil industry is currently digitized, with data being a key parameter that advises oil mining companies and other stakeholders on the strategic...
Gas and Oil Industry Update: August 2019

Gas and Oil Industry Update: August 2019

Oil prices have been volatile within a fairly tight range in 2019. In many ways, the year has been a recovery from the previous year in which the price plunged in November. Several news events have caused the price to be shaky throughout the year, such as Trump’s tariffs and trade wars, Iran sanctions, and the United States stepping up production on domestic shale oil. Here are some important points to know about gas and oil in August 2019. State of Oil Production A recent Deloitte survey found that executives of oil, gas, and chemical companies were confident about industry growth in 2019. Although the overall market has been volatile during the summer of 2019, investors should take note of the trading opportunities in the $55 to $65 price range of crude oil. The Dow has fallen from its record high this summer mainly as a response to President Trump threatening additional tariffs. These tariffs drive up business expenses even for U.S. oil companies. The oil and gas industries are vulnerable because of the need for specialized steel for refineries. One of the main energy issues in 2019 is sustainability. Several reports are starting to show that renewable energy is beating fossil fuels in cost efficiency. Investors are becoming increasingly interested in sustainability, which affects a corporation’s image and balance sheet. Cutting energy costs is now a top priority among many large corporations. The oil industry now faces tough challenges for competing with solar and wind energy in the future. Keeping up with oil and gas industry news is essential for oil investors. Oil Companies Diversify Several oil and...
Understanding the Shale Boom and Its Effects

Understanding the Shale Boom and Its Effects

The shale boom helped to monetize an important natural resource. There’s always been fossil fuel trapped in shale formations. However, it was always difficult to access. Originally, oil and gas companies had to wait for natural breaks in the rock to make the gas accessible. The development of fracking in the first half of the 20th century made it possible to drill down. Advances in fracking over the past 20 years have made it possible to extract much more. Deeper drilling in hydraulic fracking has meant big things for countries like the United States and Canada. Governments love the idea of accessing these gas and light oil deposits, and it’s easy to see why. The shale boom has taken power from the hands of cartels like OPEC. By knocking them back on their heels, the West is getting closer to true energy independence. However, the big oil and gas companies aren’t thrilled about the shale boom. They haven’t been able to capitalize on it. Because there’s more supply of natural gas and light oil than before, prices are falling. The outlook for the companies hasn’t been that great. Though they’re making a profit, it’s not going as far as they need it to. The shale boom required a lot of investment in new technology. That means taking on some debt. Then 2008 created a recession that was felt the world over, in every industry. It’s also fairly expensive to extract this natural resource. Because the drilling is deeper than ever, it’s also more expensive than it used to be. Paying back the investment that makes this possible will take...
How Could The New Tariffs Affect The Gas And Oil Industry?

How Could The New Tariffs Affect The Gas And Oil Industry?

For many years, Mexico and the United States have had an extremely stable trade alliance. In the last year alone, roughly $345 billion in United States goods were imported into Mexico while Mexico sent $265 billion worth of goods to the United States. Thanks to increasingly high Chinese tariffs, more and more American companies were working with Mexican manufacturing industries. One of the most common forms of trade has been getting raw goods from Mexico to refine them and then ship them back to sell to the Mexican public. Unfortunately, this mutually beneficial relationship seems to be coming to an end. The current government has been threatening to increase tariffs on Mexican imports as a reaction to fears about illegal immigrants. According to Twitter posts from the president, there are plans to put a 5 percent tariff on Mexican imports by June 10 and raise it to 25 percent by October. So far, it is unclear how these tariffs would do anything to reduce illegal immigration. This plan has been met with a lot of concern from economists, with economist Katheryn Russ explaining that these tariffs would mean the United States would essentially be taxing themselves on their goods. The oil and gas industries will be some of the hardest hit industries if these tariffs go into place. The United States currently purchases over 700,000 barrels of crude oil from Mexico each day. Just a five percent tariff would raise costs by $3 a barrel. The higher prices would hurt companies, who would most likely pass on the rise in costs to consumers. As the chairman of Mosaic Resources...
Sustainability Challenges For The Gas And Oil Industry

Sustainability Challenges For The Gas And Oil Industry

The oil and gas industry is such a crucial sector of the global economy and the sustainability of human life. As of 2017, the global dependency on oil and gas sources of energy topped to about 4 trillion cubic meters of the energy resources. With the increased demand comes additional sustainability challenges that threaten to impact the highly demanded production severely. High Risk Of Accidents One thing that clearly defines the oil and gas production sector is the increased threshold of risk to accidents. Oil production companies operate in otherwise risky grounds such as offshore drilling areas in the high seas. The risk of accident in such environments is quite high. Some of the dominant kinds of accidents that have plagued the sector in the past include leakage of toxic oil and gas, leading to severe environmental pollution. Whereas oil mining companies have been on the forefront as far as risk mitigation is concerned, human error has been a major predominant issue which has led to some of the worst oil and gas accidents in the history of the industry. The threshold of such accidents and the potential impacts they have on the environment is so potent that it threatens the sustainability of the entire sector even as environmentalists move on high gear, calling for resourceful utilization of the environment. Straining Of The Existing Resources  The existing resources in terms of deposits of oil and gas, are facing a major constraint in our time. All companies have to increase their production to meet the expanded demand for commodities. In response, the companies have invested in more oil and gas...